Traditionally markup has been defined as systematic annotation designed to reveal a text's
typographical and informational structure. Linguistic markup might be broadly described as annotation representing: (a) the grammatical structure
of text couched in the focus language and (b) the structure of documents presenting a linguistic description or analysis of such text. These two
kinds of linguistic markup are required in the digitization of such language documentation as paradigms, word lists, dictionary entries, and glossed text.
Rather than proposing specific markup recommendations as in the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI), the E-MELD group
at Arizona proposed constructing an environment for comparing data sets using possibly different markup schemes. The central feature of the
environment is an ontology of morphosyntactic terms with multiple inheritance and a variety of relations holding among the terms.
This topic became important enough in the history of E-MELD to warrant the focus of an entire workshop (
E-MELD 2005: Linguistic Ontologies and Data Categories for Language Resources). For more information, please see
the 2005 Workshop Ontology FAQ, as well as the School of Best Practices Classroom Section on Ontology.
To see the visualization of the ontology structure:
The General Ontology for Linguistic Description
To see the XML version of GOLD:
This is a visualization of the phonetic ontology structure:
For more information, visit the GOLD Ontology site: