Works Cited - Bibliographic Citation

  Various citation formats have been recommended for the citing of online resources. Currently, the discipline of linguistics does not seem to have reached a consensus about the best format. However, the following examples and websites may be helpful.

  Cohen, Elizabeth. 2001. Preservation of audio. Folk heritage collections in crisis. Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources and the Library of Congress. Online:

DCMI. 1999. Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, version 1.1: Reference description. Online:

- These citation formats are taken from Seven Dimensions of Portability for Language Documentation and Description, Steven Bird & Gary Simons, published in Language vol 79, number 3, September 2003.

  APA Style
  Endangered Data vs Enduring Practice: Creating Linguistic Resources That Last. (2004). E-MELD Website. Retrieved March 10, 2004, from

LINGUIST List Issue 15.812. (2004). The LINGUIST List. Retrieved March 10, 2004, from

- These citation formats are based on the APA style, for more information visit the APA website.

  Some helpful websites
  APA Citation Format

APA Style Electronic Formats

Citation Style Guides for Internet and Electronic Sources

Columbia University Press

ISO 690-2 - Bibliographic references - Part 2: Electronic documents or parts thereof

Language Style Sheet

Library & Information Science: Citation Guides for Electronic Documents

Online! A Reference Guide to using Internet Sources

SIL Electronic Working Papers Citation Format


NSF Logo Contact Us The Linguist List Logo